Shaykh ul-Islam Hassan al-Banna is considered one of the leading pioneers in the Islamic revival. He was born in Mahmudiyya, Egypt during a time of social deterioration for the Muslim world. In march 1928 he established the well known organization, Ikwaan al-Muslimeen, or The Muslim Brotherhood. He had hoped to organize a collective Islamic revival movement that would lead to the re-establishment of Allah’s governance on Earth. However he was assassinated in 1949 at the age of 43, may Allah except him as a martyr insha’Allah.
After his death, his colleague and friend Shaykh Sayyid Qutb raheema’Allah attempted to rebuild the Brotherhood from the prison he was being held. However Abu Nasser, the Egyptian dictator at that time, excecuted Sayyid Qutb before this could be done. The Brotherhood sank deep into an ocean of misguidance until it became no longer an Islamic movement, but rather a movement of liberal views with only a few shred of Islamic roots left.
Hassan al-Banna like his father was a followers of the Hanbali madhab and derived most of what he said in his book and lectures from the Hanbali understanding.
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